Born: September 27, 1862; near Greytown, Natal Died: August 27, 1919; Pretoria, Transvaal, Union

of South Africa Areas of Achievement: Diplomacy, government,

politics, and the military Contribution: During the Boer War, Botha fought

valiantly to preserve the independence of the Transvaal. When the war was lost, he worked successfully for a united South Africa under the Crown.