Germany Area of Achievement: Aeronautics Contribution: Eckener was the most important per-

son associated with zeppelin development during and after World War II. As head of the Zeppelin Airline, he made a number of pioneering flights that made him one of the most famous Germans of his day. He thus became not only the leader of the zeppelin movement but also an important force in reestablishing Germany's reputation in world opinion after World War I.