Born: August 22, 1908; Chanteloup, France Area of Achievement: Art Contribution: Cartier-Bresson, whose photography

is acclaimed for both its immediacy and its human authenticity, has contributed a body of work unique in the history of the craft. Aside from his emphasis on the typical and ordinary in his choice of subjects, his use of the new, smaller hand-held camera and faster films defined the ideas of "the decisive moment" in photography.