Born: February 8, 1878; Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Died: June 13, 1965; Jerusalem, Israel Areas of Achievement: Philosophy, religion, and
literature Contribution: One of the greatest Jewish philoso-
phers of the twentieth century, Buber postulated an interpersonal relationship between God and man. This theoretical relationship, which he called I-Thou, profoundly affected diverse thinkers of all faiths.