Introduction The demand for education continues to rise. There are now over one billion children in school, one-fifth of the world's population. In 1950 the figure was nearer 300 millions (Delors et al., 1996: 36-7). Third World countries have invested enormous sums in the expansion of primary, secondary and higher education but many countries lack the resources to expand education by traditional means. There has been a parallel increase in the demand for continuing education (ibid., 73). Developed countries see education and training as a key to remaining competitive and both private and public enterprises recognize the need to invest in the training and development of their workforces. But underlying this, there is pressure to find more efficient and effective ways ofmeeting demand. Educational and training providers are required to reduce their costs yet maintain quality. The cost of education and training is everywhere on the agenda.