ABSTRACT

Political philosophies and political theologies (Schmitt, 1970, 1979) have served as groundings for governance and its transformations throughout history. This was as true for China and the classical Oriental states as for Greece and Rome; for the European Catholic states as for the Inca and Maya city states; for classical Japan as for modern Republicanism; for contemporary democracy as for the European Union. While states were often a product of power as well as technologies and historical accidents, governance systems have always been profoundly influenced by political philosophies and their normative grounding.'