Since the end of the Cold War, the nature of the global security system and the verities that shaped US purposes, policies, and priorities have undergone fundamental changes . Cold War concepts of security and deterrence are no longer completely relevant. We are in a new global security environment that involves the integration of free markets, technologies, and countries to a degree never before witnessed. The growling, nuclear-armed Soviet bear was relatively easy to understand and deal with. What is not easy to understand and respond to are the many 'smaller ' threats - and opportunities - that stem from global integration. Yet, as the country that benefits most from global integration, the US has a pressing national interest in maintaining and enhancing the new order.