This chapter focuses on Egyptian architecture which has been hindered by same fact and delayed the appreciation of the art of the Nile Valley namely, the specimens of it which are the most complete, and which command for that reason most attention, belong, not to the days when Egypt was at the summit of the achievement in all respects, but the periods when taste and artistic feeling were decaying along with power. Petries excavations at Kahun have given us the almost complete plan of an Old Kingdom workmens town, where the skilled masons who were building the pyramid of Senusert II were housed. Though this is only a temporary town, we may probably take its conditions as more or less typical of those which prevailed for the artisan class in the Old Kingdom. The houses are of all sizes, ranging from four rooms to sixty, the larger houses being, no doubt, those of the overseers and clerks of works.