ABSTRACT

From this feeling the fact is no doubt to be explained that the generally known and in other respects excellent handbooks pass over this subject in almost complete silence. To give an example: In Holm-Deecke-Soltau's book of almost 600 pages (Kulturgeschichte des Klassischen Altertums, Leipzig, 1897), homosexuality is not mentioned at all; in L. Schmidt's profound work in two volumes (Die Ethik der alten Griechen, Berlin, 1882) the subject is limited to something less than three pages; in the four gigantic volumes of Burckhardt's Griechische Kulturgeschichte one finds next to nothing, and indeed in the new and revised edition of Pauly's well-known Realenzyklopiidie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft (increased to ten volumes each of at least 1,300 pages) the catch-word Piiderastic_ contains four pages by the distinguished Breslau university professor W. Kroll, in which certainly much that is correct is stated, yet so incompletely, that though it might perhaps suffice as a summary, it is unworthy of monumental work which professes

In the Doric dialect the usual word for the lover was 'the 'inspirer', which contains the hint that the lover, who indeed, as we shall see later, was also responsible for the boy in every sort of connection, inspired the young receptive soul with all that was good and noble. Therefore the Dorians used the word 'to blow in' in the sense of 'to love', if it was a question of a boy. That this 'blowing in' is to be understood in the above-mentioned ethical sense is expressly stated by Aelian. Even more definitely and indisputably Xenophon expresses himself: 'By the very fact that we breathe our love into beautiful boys, we keep them away frorp avarice, increase their enjoyment in work, trouble, and dangers, and strengthen their modesty and self-control.'