Although ancient in origin the Italian Jewish community was never large; yet it was culturally active and rich.This was true for philosophy as it was for other forms of Jewish intellectual creativity. By the time the Abravanels had arrived in Italy, Italian Jews had cultivated philosophy for several centuries. Thanks to the important research of Sermonetta, Melamed, Tirosh-Samuelson and others, we are now much more informed of the contributions of this community to Jewish philosophy, which until recently has been neglected.1