NON-ARCHAEOLOGISTS cannot easily imagine the difficulty of interpreting archaeological evidence so as to understand the role of women in an ancient society. By its very nature, archaeological evidence is incomplete, and must be interpreted with the help of literary sources in order to be used as history. The Etruscan situation is therefore particularly instructive as a test case, since we have none of their literature. What we know about this people is based upon their art, most of it funerary.1