Introduction Edith Louisa Cavell (1865-1915) is known by most people as the nurse who was shot dead by the Germans in Brussels in the First World War on 12 October 1915, for helping over 200 Belgian, French and British soldiers to escape, despite knowing that she had nursed German wounded.2 What is less well known is that she was an artist of no mean ability, and that she was a fever nurse in London in the late nineteenth century (Figure 6.1).3