Summarizing Rousseau’s philosophy of education as it is conceived, primarily, in Emile, Dewey writes:

Education we receive from three sources-Nature, men and things. The spontaneous development of our organs and capacities constitutes the education of Nature. The use to which we are taught to put this development constitutes that education given us by Men. The acquirement of personal experience from surrounding objects constitutes that of things. Only when these three kinds of education are consonant and make for the same end, does a man tend towards his true goal.10