A major goal of parenting is to socialize, i.e., to support the child in successfully adapting to the conditions of its society and culture, in order for the child to become a functioning member of the society (LeVine, 1977; Trommsdorff & Kornadt, 2003). Parenting is influenced by the cultural norms and values, which are partly reflected in the childrearing goals of the parents and their views of the development of their children. In the following chapter, two cross-cultural studies on the relations between cultural values, parental beliefs, and parenting are presented, focusing on a comparison between South Korean and German mothers.