We have known about the Mycenaean civilization through archaeology for only a century and a quarter. During that short time, several different images have emerged. The most enduring and indelible image is the one that predates the archaeological phase, the benchmark image we have been given by Homer. Homer has proved to be both a blessing and a curse to archaeology, sometimes supplying a validation for archaeological interpretation, but also misleading by incorporating anachronistic details from both before and after the heroic age – as well as including unknown quantities of pure fiction.