Among the major issues in development policy, malnutrition, poverty, and inequality in the distribution of wealth and opportunities are well known to interested observers. However, it is on the inter-relationship between them and the role of the state in quickly alleviating poverty and inequality not by the market mechanism, but through land reform that different schools of thought and ideologies conflict. Since 1980, this conflict has been further intensified to the disadvantage of land reform policy and the rural poor. We have set out to investigate these questions which we consider vital to a large part of humankind.