Historians have long studied Communist intellectuals’ roles as historical actors who helped shape the course of twentieth-century Chinese history through their revolutionary activities. How did they, influenced by and reacting to the complex context of modern China, launch a revolution that culminated in the victory of the Chinese Communist Party and thus the founding of the Communist regime? This is the fundamental question that underlies many scholarly works on the history of the CCP, although they focus on different but interconnected aspects pertaining to the rise of Chinese Communism-such as the thought of major ideologues, peasant-based revolution taking place in rural areas close to or remote from urban centers, military maneuvers and strategies, and underground activities.