Like Davidson, Max Black stresses that the aims of metaphor are different in kind from that of literal talk. He writes that we ‘organire our view of man’ in saying ‘Man is a wolf’ (Models and Metaphors, p.41). But he also recognizes that ‘metaphorical thought and utterance sometimes embody insight expressible in no other fashion*, and that ‘some metaphors enable us to see aspects of reality that the metaphor’s production helps to constitute’ (‘More about metaphor’; in A. Ortony (ed.), pp.34-9). The world is necessarily seen from some perspective, and ‘Some metaphors can create such a perspective’ (ibid., p.40). This hints at an account, at least of some metaphors, of the fourth type.