The tendency to corruption – the scandal of repeated ‘affairs’ – is common to all countries. What is specific to a given country, such as France, is the particular form (or forms) that corruption takes. Thus, corruption anywhere cannot be understood – let alone corrected – without understanding the ‘structural’ conditions that make corruption possible. In this chapter, accordingly, I first analyse the structural or general conditions of corruption before considering French ‘specificity’ – that is, forms peculiar to France.