A number of assumptions about technology, learning and contemporary society have been examined over the past nine chapters. The argument for new tech’ nologies supporting an increased choice and diversity of learning opportunities, and thereby enhancing equality of participation, has been at the forefront of our inquiry. We have also sought to test the counter claims that ICTs may contribute to a narrowing of education provision and participation for adults. In broader terms, our research has been able to explore the idea that ICTs are now playing an integral role in people’s lives. In this chapter we draw together our findings and use them to expand upon current debates surrounding contemporary society, new technologies and lifelong learning. This process of ‘making theoretical sense’ of our findings then allows us to construct a set of practical recommendations in Chapter 11.