In Figure 8-7, the key light illuminates Kathleen Richard’s face, the backlight highlights the hair, and a fi ll light bounces into the shadows of the face to soften the shadow caused by the key light. (This time, the fi ll light was a large scoop light softened with diffusion material.) Also, an eye light is placed directly in front of her face to give her eyes a lively highlight. This is “star” lighting that the extras don’t get – they are lit with area lighting, a general expanded light that lets them be seen, but doesn’t emphasize any special features. A few examples follow later using analytical sketches taken from certain shots from classic fi lms which will defi ne these lighting and compositional concepts further. Figure 8-8 is the lighting plot for a portrait shot.