Crime in housing takes on many forms: vandalism, i.e., the wilful destruction of objects and materials; burglary, i.e., theft carried out by breaking and entering into property; thefts of and from cars; racial crime; drug misuse; nuisance and antisocial behaviour against people in public and semi-public areas; domestic violence; sexual violence (particularly indecent assault and rape) in public and semi-public spaces. Patterns of crime in many housing areas show that the problems are frequently caused by a small number of persistent offenders who live nearby. In many instances, people have given up all hope that anything can be done. They do not even report crimes, such is their lack of confidence in a successful outcome.