Project start-up is a subset of preconstruction planning. Once the general contractor (GC) has been notified that the project has been won, the project team, headed by the project manager and superintendent, must plan project start-up activities. Efficient project start-up activities are dependent on a good start-up plan. Both the project manager and the superintendent should participate in the preconstruction conference. This meeting is conducted either by the owner or the designer to introduce project participants and to discuss project issues and management procedures. The notice to proceed (NTP) is often provided at the preconstruction conference, along with verification of owner financing and needed permits. The NTP authorizes the contractor to start work on the project, and once received the project manager should buy out the project by awarding subcontracts and ordering needed materials and equipment, especially those long-lead items.