Mankind’s massive and high-intensity development and use of natural resources have brought unprecedented economic prosperity since the first Industrial Revolution and created a brilliant industrial civilization. Yet, as the constriction of the global energy supply becomes increasingly acute, the energy crisis that sweeps the globe brings about a series of related contrasts: The contrast between population growth and resource supplies becomes sharp with each passing day; unreasonable resource development and use result in increasingly serious ecological environmental degradation; contending for energy resources leads to unstoppable warfare. If what energy caused at the beginning of the 20th century was only a few local problems—some industrial cities were shrouded in smoke all day; the British capital London became the foggy city that it is now—the crisis of energy at present has spread to every corner and nation on earth and has affected mankind’s present and future.