Before beginning a graft there is a need to decide between two main strategies: apical grafting and side grafting. Both utilize scions detached from the mother plant and grafted onto separate rootstocks, a process known as detached scion grafting. The choice of strategy influences grafting methods, rootstock pre-preparation, post-graft treatment and associated activities. These will be discussed here, in subsequent chapters and also as related to specific requirements for different genera, covered in Parts Seven and Eight.