Eggs and larvae of Chinese carp have been collected from the great rivers in China and grown as food fishes for more than 2000 years. The development of Chinese fish culture and the successful spread of Chinese carp throughout the world became possible only after methods for artificial propagation were established. Artificial propagation techniques include capture or raising of broodfish, inducing ovulation, and fertilizing and incubating eggs. These techniques were first used in China and the former U.S.S.R. in the early 1960s and were further developed, modified, and adapted to local conditions in different parts of the world.