When we tally up the contributions of GMOs to our fundamental knowledge as well as our technical advances in their many applications over the past fifty years, we can only be optimistic, eager to go further, and relatively confident in the development of genetic engineering and its applications for the years to come. However, a large shadow looms over this field today: the public’s nearly unanimous rejection of all the agronomic applications of these scientific studies, and the labelling of these studies as disastrous, dangerous, and hegemonic projects.