This final chapter reviews and discusses the fundamental ideas underlying this book. It argues for the need to consider planned adaptation to climate change, and flood events in particular, as a means to deal with uncertainty. It further considers urban and public space design as optimal tools for adaptation endeavors and highlights the fact that traditional flood management practices must be reassessed.

It further synthetizes the major presented findings throughout the book, specifying the reinforced challenges that arise before contemporary urbanism and urban design practices, the potential benefits that arise from the inherent characteristics provided by public space itself and the identified types and categories of flood adaptation measures applicable in the design of public spaces.

Lastly, the chapter evidences the pertinence of local-scale response to climate change, albeit always accompanied by global scale guidelines — an adaptation approach that revisits and questions all established disciplines, especially the ones traditionally dedicated to “public spaces for water.”