Pipeline corrosion management (PCM) is defined as that part of the overall pipeline management system (PMS) and operating practices which is concerned with the development, implementation, review and change of corrosion policy. In this recommended practice (RP), PCM covers the management of corrosion from design to decommissioning, for upstream pipeline systems carrying hydrocarbons, injection water and/or produced water. While numerous instances of pipeline leak and failure are reported annually, the challenge to managing their occurrences has not been reflected in the production of many international standards. This Chapter focuses on introducing the subject, outlines the objectives encompassing the scope of the RP and the benefits from the implementation of the PCM programme. It underlines necessary management commitment and competency requirements.