This chapter describes the community-based natural resource programme (CBNRM) developed in Zambia’s Luangwa Valley as one component of the Luangwa Integrated Resource Development Project (LIRDP). Referred to as the Lupande programme, this initiative is targeted at the 50,000 Kunda people living in the remote Lupande Game Management Area, which borders onto the South Luangwa National Park (SLNP), Zambia’s premier wildlife attraction. The Lupande programme was initiated to control poaching through community involvement and poverty alleviation, but has, in recent years, taken on a much stronger rural development role.