The list of potential stakeholders in any given protected area or protected area system is a long one. It can include:

• agencies with legal jurisdiction over the protected area, at municipal, provincial or national level;

• individuals, families and households (for example, landowners within or around a protected area, or people living in cities who care about protected areas);

• community-based groups (such as water co-operatives and neighbourhood associations);

• local traditional authorities (such as village councils of elders or traditional chiefs);

• political authorities prescribed by national laws (including elected representatives at village or district levels);

• local governmental service providers (such as health, education, forestry and agriculture extension);

• NGOs dedicated to the environment or development at local, national and international levels;

• universities and research organizations; • national governments; and • the international community, including other

governments and intergovernmental bodies (Borrini-Feyerabend and Brown, 1997).