THE UGANDA PARTICIPATORY Poverty Assessment Project (UPPAP) is a project run by the Government of Uganda, and implemented on its behalf over four years by Oxfam GB, in partnership with a range of other NGOs and academic institutions. It is a ‘second-generation’ PPA, the design of which includes both participatory research and processes for feeding the findings into policy processes and seeks to maximize national ownership. The project’s overall aim is ‘to bring the perspective of the poor into national and district planning for poverty reduction’ (MFPED, 1997, p2). The favourable policy context in which UPPAP is being implemented has been

critical in its success in influencing national policy. A detailed examination of its design and implementation to date reveals how certain features have been key to the attainment of a range of impacts. Others have presented challenges of various kinds. This chapter examines the many and diverse outcomes of UPPAP, the range of factors that have contributed to them, and attempts to draw some lessons for contexts outside Uganda.