ABSTRACT

Since the 'energy crises' of the early 1970s, people have become increasingly aware that energy production and consumption have serious environmental consequences - such as acid rain and photochemical smog – and that these impacts are of a global scale. In particular, the release of carbon dioxide and the associated 'greenhouse effect' will result in global warming. This chapter presents a practical tool through which designers can begin to address environmental impacts in the selection of materials and products.