Canadian news stories grabbing headline attention in recent years included the deportation of Canadian citizen Maher Arar to Syria, and Toronto Police Chief Fantino’s suggestions that all arrested persons have their DNA tested. Fantino also proposed that fingerprints collected from persons suspected of criminal behaviour be kept on file, even after charges have been dropped! At first glance these news stories have little in common, save the involvement of law-enforcement agencies. But the connection between these stories is the focus of this chapter: exploring the changing environment of policing in this culture of surveillance (Staples 1997) or surveillance society (Lyon 2001).