When faced with prejudice and discrimination in interpersonal encounters, individuals must decide how to respond. They may decide to take one of the following two paths: either they confront the perpetrator and express their dissatisfaction, or they ignore the situation, letting their dissatisfaction go unnoticed. The decision is not likely to be an easy one (see Miller, chap. 2, this volume; Swim & Thomas, chap. 6, this volume, for goals and motives that may play a role in the decision). Moreover, these two reactions are likely to lead to strikingly different inter-and intrapersonal consequences. Researchers have recently turned their attention to understanding the interpersonal costs targets of prejudice face when they make the decision to confront perpetrators of prejudice and discrimination (Dodd, Giuliano, Boutell, & Moran, 2001; Kaiser, chap. 3, this volume; Kaiser & Miller, 2001, 2003).