The literature on academic writing has been enriched by publications that have explored academic writers and various aspects of the academic publishing process. For instance, Canagarajah (1997) described the nondiscursive challenges faced by academics such as himself in third-world countries, and Connor (1999) and Li (1999) narrated their apprenticeship to American academic discourse. Gosden (1995, 1996) and Flowerdew (1999a, 1999b, 2000) investigated the publishing process of nonnative scholars from Japan and Hong Kong. The increasing pressure on scholars worldwide to publish in Western (mainly Anglo-American) journals (see Braine, 2000, September) has added further impetus to explorations of the challenges of academic publications.