While throughout the world the bulk of academics engaged in questions of minority education are enthusiastic proponents of bilingual education, most members of the Hungarian minority in Slovakia are fiercely opposed to the type of bilingual education proposed by the authorities under the misleading label ‘alternative’ education.1 Not only parents and the students themselves reject the idea of teaching some subjects in Slovak while advocating the retention of schools with Hungarian as the language of instruction, but also the social elite, including politicians legally elected to represent the minority.