Formerly, and not too long ago at that, the recalling of historical facts tended to be part of the apprenticeship in, and give a taste for, human greatness and dignity. Now, at the end of the century and of the millennium, it seems that recounting history means denying the values it claims to reveal and to cast doubt on everything. This colloquium is therefore quite welcome because the fresco of the Resistance is little known, it is misunderstood, and it is often denigrated.