The future of any society lies in its ability to train, that is, to socialize its young. The stability of its institutions and political systems, the productivity of its industrial resources, and the creativity of it sintellectual talent reflect the degree of success of the adults in the society who have been given responsibility for shaping and developing its youth. If these teaching functions are not being adequately performed, through failure of the agents or as a result of new demands created by new values, or social, economic, or political change, pressures are likely to emerge for modification of the socializing procedures or for a change in the agents who are allocated responsibility for socialization.