The theme of this volume is India and the world, and the world and India, how India placed herself in the world as she mobilised herself for the new role and made the transition as an independent nation and state, and also how and where the global struggles placed India, and in one important sense, did they place India? The chapters are grouped into three pairs: (1) the global context; (2) looking out from India; and (3) the making of foreign policy, especially of the diplomats, in those heady years of transition.