Parental involvement in schools has been a major strand of education policy in the UK, yet that policy has been operationalised rather differendy north and south of the border. Scotland has had radical parental choice legislation since 1981 and the effects of that legislation have been reported by Adler in this volume and elsewhere. In contrast, Scodand has had much weaker legislation relating to the roles and responsibilities of school boards, Scotland’s equivalent to governing bodies. The differences extend far beyond nomenclature and include their composition, statutory responsibilities and perhaps their consequences for the school system.