Galen’s (AD 129-ca. 216) Exhortation to the Study of Medicine, classified among his works related to the Empiricist medical school, is one of his less well-known treatises. It is a peculiar piece both in the topics it tackles and in its style and form of argumentation more generally. In the first part (Chapters 1–14), the author discusses the importance of engagement with the arts, preparing the ground for a more specialised exaltation of the greatest of them, medicine. That is explored in the second part, which does not survive.