Despite having all these resources, the island still lacked a central land information office and many of its functions were spread across a number of government departments, private companies and non-governmental organizations. A GIS programme developed in Bermuda along these lines in 1990, and a Geospatial Information Committee (GIC) was formed to help coordinate activities and assist other groups with their GIS projects. 1 One of these was the Bermuda Zoological Society’s (BZS) Habitat Mapping Survey and this heavily influenced the Bermuda National Trust’s (BNT) Archaeological Research Committee (ARC) in developing a heritage-based GIS survey of the island to help with the management of known historic sites, but also to assist with identifying potential archaeological sites. Locating sites of interest through desk-based assessments before they were uncovered by a hurricane, or better yet before an area was developed, grew in importance when archaeological assessments were required in the new Development Plan for the island in 2008. 2