It is a great privilege to have been invited to speak on this occasion. I shall not talk about Janet Semple’s life, since I did not know Janet Semple well. I first came across her work when the Oxford University Press sent me a copy of her Ph.D. thesis, asking for my opinion as to its publishability. I groaned-yet another study of the panopticon! I opened it, started reading-and read it straight through. It was so clear, insightful, powerful in its interpretation and beautifully written. I am delighted to see that it has appeared as Bentham’s Prison. 1 I was, at a later stage, equally pleased to be involved in persuading Janet to publish some of her research on Bentham’s medical and health interests. 2 I shall not try to evaluate her work today. I think I might best honour her by trying to reflect upon some of the wider issues that surround Bentham’s concerns with prisons and hospitals-issues raised by her work.