ABSTRACT

Increasingly, people around the globe, especially people from the Global South, are moving, crossing national borders, and settling outside of their countries of birth. Pécoud and de Guchteneire (2007) assert that this transnational movement is now structurally embedded in the economic realities of most countries. This migration is not only a lived historical reality and experience of each individual or family that migrates; rather, as Castles and Miller (2012) point out, migration is a “collective act” that affects the nations at both the departing and welcoming end. Indeed, these movements affect the infrastructure, social, political, and cultural institutions, and labor and economic systems of both departing and welcoming countries (Cesareo, 2015).