ABSTRACT

In recent years, international migrations have become one of the major issues on the political agendas of many governments around the world. In Europe, in particular, the growing salience of migration issues, together with the persisting problems in the social integration of migrant minorities, have generated growing disaffection with multiculturalism, at least as a discourse, in the political debate (Grillo, 2005). The terrorist attacks of September 2001 in the U.S.A. and the corresponding events in several European countries have fostered this trend. Europe has experienced growing anxiety, especially when Muslim minorities are concerned. Terrorist attacks have fueled mistrust and prejudice; and backlash against cultural and religious diversity has become a legitimate stance.