‘Gender’ gained ground in the 1970s in environmental policy and practice when scholars first brought up questions of women’s unequal positions vis-à-vis development interventions and focused on the critical roles that women play in environmental management. From the eighties onward, researchers have used gender as an analytic category to probe how power relations organize all systems and interventions and how gender relations are implicit in environmental outcomes. Drawing on the work of a range of feminist theorists (e.g., Scott 1988; Butler 1990; Haraway 1991), gender and environment scholars have asserted that gender analysis involves critical examination of power relationships and the practices through which definitions of masculinity and femininity are naturalized in different environmental contexts.