This chapter focuses on privatisation and its effects on the implementation of socio-economic rights protection regimes. It suggests the role of globalisation and privatisation of human rights obligations through two case studies, one form India and the other from China. The two case studies show the ways in which the division of human rights into the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is also reflected strongly in private systems of rights implementation. Looking at the Vedanta and Foxconn/Apple case studies together, it is apparent that the development of social and economic rights-based governance systems within the private sphere can follow substantially different routes. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) illustrates the increasingly important role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the development of human rights standards and their monitoring and enforcement functions once thought central to the role of states.