ABSTRACT

Many gay, lesbian, and bisexual people have served honorably in the U.S. military (Berube, 1990; Gibson, 1978; Harry, 1984; Hippler, 1989; Humphrey, 1990; Livingood, 1969; Murphy, 1988; Williams & Weinberg, 1971), and a majority of U.S. residents approve (Colasanto, 1989; Penn & Schoen, 1991). Yet, the U.S. military continues to defend (e.g., U.S. General Accounting Office, 1992; Gellman, 1991) and enforce (e.g., Keen, 1992) a policy that gay, lesbian, or bisexual people cannot serve. Although gay, lesbian, or bisexual people are members of this major social institution from which they are officially banned, the experiences and concerns of these members of the U.S. armed forces are largely unknown.