This chapter explores the spatial dynamics of the political ecology of agrofuels. Its aim is twofold: outlining the analytical potential that spatial categories have for politico-ecological research on agrofuels; and tracing the distinctive socio-spatial dynamics that are created through agrofuel politics. It demonstrates that spatial categories enable a comprehensive analysis that can link the macro-structures of the global political economy of agrofuels to concrete, place-based struggles. Three spatial dynamics are outlined that are crucial for an encompassing understanding of the complex social and political dynamics of the ‘agrofuels project’: territorialization, global production networks and the global scale of financialization.